One of the ways to learn a language is through animated cartoon shows, especially ones you watched as a kid. The characters are familiar, the plots move fast, they are written using simple and unpretentious language. They have taught, entertained, and influenced you. But where did the writers of these shows get their influences from? That's precisely what we are going to examine today... Prepare to go on a journey... or as Groucho would say... a jooourney...
What cartoon shows did you watch when you were a kid?
Who was your favorite character and why?
What or who do you think influenced the writers of those shows?
Remember these jokers?
Some vocabulary for the next clip...
edify: to instruct and improve
awry (usually with 'go'): away from plan or expected result
reign: to rule
pachyderm: a very large mammal with thick; an elephant, rhinoceros, hippopotamus
admired: like very much
ransacked: go quickly through a place stealing things causing damage
river banks: sides of a river
pillage: rob using violence
faux pas: embarrassing act
The Post Vaudeville Comedy Team traces back to Laurel & Hardy:
And Brain's voice is Orson Wells. Here is Orson Wells in a famous out-take from a pea commercial...
[(May 6, 1915 – October 10, 1985)]“We know a remote farm in Lincolnshire, where Mrs. Buckley lives. Every July, peas grow there.” Do you really mean that?
Uh, yes, so in other, I–I–I’d start half a second later.
Don’t you think you really want to say “July” over the snow? Isn’t that the fun of it?
It’s–if–if you can (laughs) if you can make it almost when that disappears, it’ll make more–
I think it’s so nice that–that you see a snow-covered field and say “every July peas grow there”. “We know a remote farm in Lincolnshire, where Mrs. Buckley lives. Every July, peas grow there.” We aren’t even in the fields, you see? (pause) We’re talking about them growing and she’s picked them. (clears throat) What?
I don’t understand you, then. When must–what must be over for “July”?
Uh, when we get out of that snowy field–
Well, I was out! We were onto a can of peas, a of peas when I said “in July”.
Oh, I’m sorry, Orson.
Yes, always. I’m always–past that!
Yes! Wh–that’s about where I say “in July”.
Can you emphasize a bit “in”? “In July.”
Why? That doesn’t make any sense. Sorry. There’s no known way of an English sentence in which you begin a sentence with “in” and emphasize it. Get me a jury and show me how you can say “in July” and I’ll… go down on you. That’s just idiotic, if you’ll forgive me by saying so.
That’s just stupid. “In July”?
I’d love to know how you emphasize “in” in “in July”… Impossible! Meaningless.
I think all they were thinking about was that they didn’t want to–
He isn’t thinking.
Orson, can we just do one last time–
…and it was my fault. I should–I said “in July”. If you could leave “every July”–
You didn’t say it. He said it.
…I said “every July”.
Your friend. “Every July”?
…so after this shot…
No, you don’t really mean “every July”?
…it is, but it’s…
But that’s–that’s . It’s in July. Of course it’s every July! There’s too much directing around here.
Before Television and Radio there was Vaudeville Theater,
which made SLAP-STICK popular... what is slap-stick?
Then again, I couldn't hold a candle to these folks...
the 3 Stooges!
Who, in turn, were in some degree inspired by Charlie Chaplin...
And, let's face it, who killed the comedy mustache...
But really, all roads lead back to this man right here...
Groucho Marx of the Marx Brothers
Modern comedians of all kinds, stand-up, sitcom, sketch, film and stage, look on the Marx Brothers with awe at how brilliant they were at every aspect of comedy. They grew as vaudeville performers, and although they couldn’t tapdance, they could certainly do everything else, and this lister means EVERYTHING.
Groucho’s one-liners and insults run throughout all their films and are still the stuff of legend. His greasepaint eyebrows and mustache are part of the classic Halloween, or gag glasses, with huge nose, that kids like to wear, or cartoons use to hide identities.
Here is the famous crowded cabin scene from Night at the Opera...
Why does Groucho talk quickly when he insults people?
Does Groucho take things more metaphorically or literally?
Which of his quotes do you get?
What is innuendo or a double entente?
How would you describe comedy in your country?
Is it mostly physical (slap-stick)?
What is a pun?
A spit take?
A set-up and a pay-off?
What do you think a comedian means when they say they 'killed' or 'died' last night?
What is the best joke you ever heard? Where? Why was it so funny?
What is a running gag?
Do you agree with the quote, 'impersonation is the highest form of flattery'?
In the later year of the Brothers movie career Groucho started working on radio. He hosted several programmes and was a guest on many shows. His biggest success was the comedy quiz show You Bet Your Life which started in 1947. The show later moved to television and was on the air until 1961.
One of the key reasons for this code was the mysterious death of a young starlet named Virginia Rappe in 1921. It was Hollywood's first scandal and Roscoe 'Fatty' Arbuckle was blamed....
The Motion Picture Production Code was the set of industry moral censorship guidelines that governed the production of most United States motion picturesreleased by major studios from 1930 to 1968. It is also popularly known as the Hays Code, after Hollywood's chief censor of the time, Will H. Hays. The Motion Pictures Producers and Distributors of America (MPPDA), which later became the Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA), adopted the code in 1930, began enforcing it in 1934, and abandoned it in 1968, in favor of the subsequent MPAA film rating system. The Production Code spelled out what was acceptable and what was unacceptable content for motion pictures produced for a public audience in the United States. The office enforcing it was popularly called the Hays Office in reference to Hays, inaccurately so after 1934 when Joseph Breen took over from Hays, creating the Breen Office, which was far more rigid in censoring films than Hays had been. Hollywood followed the guidelines set about by the code well into the late 1950s, but the code was eventually abandoned due to the combined impact of television, influence from foreign films, bold directors (such as Otto Preminger) pushing the envelope, and intervention from the courts, including the Supreme Court. By the 1960s the code had been entirely abandoned.
Don'ts and Be Careful
The Code enumerated a number of key points known as the "Don'ts" and "Be Carefuls":
Resolved, That those things which are included in the following list shall not appear in pictures produced by the members of this Association, irrespective of the manner in which they are treated:
- Pointed profanity – by either title or lip – this includes the words "God," "Lord," "Jesus," "Christ" (unless they be used reverently in connection with proper religious ceremonies), "hell," "damn," "Gawd," and every other profane and vulgar expression however it may be spelled;
- Any licentious or suggestive nudity – in fact or in silhouette; and any lecherous or licentious notice thereof by other characters in the picture;
- The illegal traffic in drugs;
- Any inference of sex perversion;
- White slavery;
- Miscegenation (sex relationships between the white and black races);
- Sex hygiene and venereal diseases;
- Scenes of actual childbirth – in fact or in silhouette;
- Children's sex organs;
- Ridicule of the clergy;
- Willful offense to any nation, race or creed;And be it further resolved, That special care be exercised in the manner in which the following subjects are treated, to the end that vulgarity and suggestiveness may be eliminated and that good taste may be emphasized:
- The use of the flag;
- International relations (avoiding picturizing in an unfavorable light another country's religion, history, institutions, prominent people, and citizenry);
- The use of firearms;
- Theft, robbery, safe-cracking, and dynamiting of trains, mines, buildings, etc. (having in mind the effect which a too-detailed description of these may have upon the moron);
- Brutality and possible gruesomeness;
- Technique of committing murder by whatever method;
- Methods of smuggling;
- Third-degree methods;
- Actual hangings or electrocutions as legal punishment for crime;
- Sympathy for criminals;
- Attitude toward public characters and institutions;
- Apparent cruelty to children and animals;
- Branding of people or animals;
- The sale of women, or of a woman selling her virtue;
- Rape or attempted rape;
- First-night scenes;
- Man and woman in bed together;
- Deliberate seduction of girls;
- The institution of marriage;
- Surgical operations;
- The use of drugs;
- Titles or scenes having to do with law enforcement or law-enforcing officers;
- Excessive or lustful kissing, particularly when one character or the other is a "heavy".
And the Marx brothers were, of course, a primary influence on, none other than....
Cheer when your country is called.... let's hear some noise!!!
- The Executive Committee